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Pattern Principles & Definitions

Practicing Patterns

 

When beginning the practice of patterns, it is important to emphasize careful delivery of the technique and a good understanding of the technique. All patterns listed are performed under the assumption that the student is facing “D” (see pattern diagrams).

There are a total of twenty-four pattern in Taekwondo. The name of the pattern, the number of movements and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolize either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events. The interpretation of each pattern will be found on its specific page.

Below are guidelines as to how to perform patterns properly to develop grace, power, technique, and balance.

Select one of the pages below to learn more about taekwondo patterns:
Taekwondo Patterns | 1 – 12
Taekwondo Patterns | 13 – 24

Jesse Jones Park Field Trip Fall 2013

Essential Information about Patterns:

 

1. Pattern should begin and end exactly at the same spot. This will indicate the performer’s accuracy.

2. Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.

3. Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.

4. The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness.

5. Movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to instructions indicated in Patterns Instructions.

6. Each pattern should be perfected before moving to the next.

7. Students should know the purpose of each movement.

8. Students should perform each movement with realism.

Saju Jirugi simply means Four Direction Punch.

 

Saju refers to “Four Directions” whereas the word Jirugi means “punch”.

 

1. Parallel ready stance raise left hand aiming at solar plexus level, move the right foot to D, forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

2. Move the right foot to A, forming a left walking stance toward B while executing a low block to B with the left forearm.

3. Raise left hand and move the right foot to B, forming a right walking stance toward B while executing a middle punch to B with the right fist.

4. Move the right foot to D, forming a left walking stance toward C while executing a low block to C with the left forearm.

5. Raise left hand and move the right foot to C, forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a middle punch to C with the right fist.

6. Move the right foot to B, forming a left walking stance toward A while executing a low block to A with the left forearm.

7. Raise left hand and move the right foot to A, forming a right walking stance toward A while executing a middle punch to A with the right fist.

8. Bring the right foot back to a ready posture.

9. Repeat in opposite direction with opposite hands and feet.

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